Land markets and land market policies


Our research on land markets and land market policies has among others tried to investigate the following research questions:


  • Are land markets good for the poor?
  • Do land markets lead to more efficient land use by transfering land to more efficient producers?
  • Are land rental markets better for the poor than land sales markets?
  • What have the effects been of past policies that have prohibited or restricted the functioning of land markets?
  • To what extent should land markets be regulated to enhance their contribution to efficiency, poverty reduction and equity?
  • Is there a need for land market regulation to ensure more sustainable land use?
  • Is there a need to regulate tenancy contracts to enhance efficiency and to protect the poor?



Recent papers and books:


Gebrehiwot, D. B. and Holden, S. T. (2019). Variation in Output Shares and Endogenous Matching in Land Rental Contracts: Evidence from Ethiopia. Journal of Agricultural Economics, doi: 10.1111/1477-9552.12345. Link


Gebru, M., Holden, S. T. and Tilahun, M. (2019). Tenants’ land access in the rental market: evidence from northern Ethiopia. Agricultural Economics,, doi: 10.1111/agec.12484. Link


Tadesse, M. A., Holden, S. T., Øygard, R. A. and McPeak, J. (2016). Cattle sharing and rental contracts in an Agrarian economy: evidence from Ethiopia. Agricultural Economics 47(5): 479-492. Link


Holden, S. T. and Ghebru, H. (2016). Land rental market legal restrictions in Northern Ethiopia. Land Use Policy 55: 212-221. Link


Holden, S. T. and Bezu, S. (2016). Preferences for land sales legalization and land values in Ethiopia. Land Use Policy 52: 410-421. Link


Ghebru, H. and Holden, S. T. (2014). Reverse-Share-Tenancy and Agricultural Efficiency: Farm-Level Evidence from Ethiopia. Journal of African Economies  doi: 10.1093/jae/eju024 Link


Holden, S. T. and Otsuka, K. (2014). The Roles of Land Tenure Reforms and Land Markets in the Context of Population Growth and Land Use Intensification in Africa. Food Policy 48: 88–97. Link


Bezu, S. and Holden, S. T. (2014). Are Rural Youth in Ethiopia Abandoning Agriculture? World Development 64: 259–272. Link


Bezu, S. and Holden, S. T. (2014). Demand for second-stage land certification in Ethiopia: Evidence from household panel data. Land Use Policy 41: 193–205. Link


NEW BOOK:Land Tenure Reform in Asia and Africa: Assessing Impacts on Poverty and Natural Resource Management. Edited by Stein T. Holden, Keijiro Otsuka and Klaus Deininger. Palgrave Macmillan 2013. Link


Gebregziabher, G. and Holden, S. T. (2011). Distress Rentals and the Land Rental Market as a Safety Net: Evidence from Tigray, Ethiopia. Agricultural Economics 42, 45-60. Abstract


Holden, S. T., Deininger, K. and Ghebru, H. (2011). Tenure Insecurity, Gender, Low-cost Land Certification and Land Rental Market Participation. Journal of Development Studies 47(1), 31-47. Link


Working Papers and Reports


Holden, S. T. and Tilahun, M. (2018). Land rental as a complementary income source for land-poor youth. CLTS Working Paper No. 6/2018. Centre for Land Tenure Studies, Norwegian University of Life Sciences, Aas, Norway. Link


Brhanu, D. and Holden, S. T. (2018). Variation in Output Shares and Endogenous Matching in Land Rental Contracts. CLTS Working Paper No. 2/2018. Centre for Land Tenure Studies, Norwegian University of Life Sciences, Aas, Norway. Link


Holden, S. T., Bezu, S. and Tilahun, M. (2016). How Pro-poor are Land Rental Markets in Ethiopia? CLTS Report No. 1/2016. Centre for Land Tenure Studies, Norwegian University of Life Sciences, Aas, Norway. Link. Executive summary


Holden, S. T. and Bezu, S. (2014). Land Valuation and Perceptions of Land Sales Prohibition in Ethiopia. CLTS Working Paper No. 12/2014. Centre for Land Tenure Studies, Norwegian University of Life Sciences, Aas, Norway. Link


Holden, S. T. (2014). Eindomsrettigheter og jordleie i Rissa gjennom 900 år. CLTS Working Paper No. 9/2014. Centre for Land Tenure Studies, Norwegian University of Life Sciences, Aas, Norway. Link


Holden, Stein T. and Keijiro Otsuka (2013). The Roles of Land Tenure Reforms and Land Markets in the Context of Population Growth and Land Use Intensification in Africa. CLTS Working Paper No. 15/2013. Centre for Land Tenure Studies, Norwegian University of Life Sciences, Ås, Norway. Link


Ghebru, H. and Holden, S. T. (2013). Links between Tenure Security and Food Security: Evidence from Ethiopia. CLTS Working Paper No. 2/2013. Centre for Land Tenure Studies, Norwegian University of Life Sciences, Ås, Norway. Link


Aryal, J. P. and Holden, S. T. (2012). Livestock and Land Share Contracts in a Hindu Society. Agricultural Economics 43, 593-606. Link. Abstract. Summary


Ghebru, Hosaena and Stein T. Holden (2012). Reverse Share-Tenancy and Marshallian Inefficiency:  Bargaining Power of Landowners and the Sharecroppers’ Productivity CLTS Working Paper No 10/2012. Centre for Land Tenure Studies, Norwegian University of Life Sciences, Ås, Norway. Link


Aryal, Jeetendra P. and Stein T. Holden. Livestock and Land Share Contracts in a Hindu Society. CLTS Working Paper No.7/2011. Centre for Land Tenure Studies, Norwegian University of Life Sciences, Ås, Norway. Link


Aryal, Jeetendra P. and Stein T. Holden. Caste Discrimination, Land Reforms and Land Market Performance in Nepal. CLTS Working Paper No. 1/2011. Centre for Land Tenure Studies, Norwegian University of Life Sciences, Ås, Norway. Link


Tatwangire, Alex and Stein T. Holden. Welfare Effects of Market Friendly Land Reforms in Uganda. CLTS Working Paper No. 2/2011. Centre for Land Tenure Studies, Norwegian University of Life Sciences, Ås, Norway. Link


Aryal, J. P. and Holden, S.(2011). Caste, Land and Labour Market Imperfections, and Land Productivity in Rural Nepal. CLTS Working Paper No.6/2011. Centre for Land Tenure Studies, Norwegian University of Life Sciences, Ås, Norway. Link


Tatwangire, A. and Holden, S. T. (2009). Modes of Land Access and Welfare Impacts in Uganda. Paper presented at the 27th IAAE Conference Beijing, China 16-22 August 2009. Link


Holden, S. T., Deininger, K. and Ghebru, H. (2009). Impacts of Low-cost Land Certification on Investment and Productivity. American Journal of Agricultural Economics 91 (2):359-373. Abstract


Benjaminsen, T. A., Holden, S. T., Lund, C. and Sjaastad, E. (2009). Formalisation of land rights: Some empirical evidence from Mali, Niger and South Africa. Land Use Policy 26: 28–35 Abstract


BOOK: Holden, S. T., Otsuka, K. and Place, F. (Eds) (2008). The Emergence of Land Markets in Africa: Impacts on Poverty, Equity and Efficiency. Resources For the Future Press, WashingtonD.C. Link


Deininger, K., Ali, D., Holden, S. T. og Zevenbergen, J. (2008). Rural land certification in Ethiopia: Process, initial impact, and implications for the other African countries. World Developmen 36(10): 1786-1812. Abstract


Holden, S. T. and Bezabih, M. (2008). Gender and Land Productivity on Rented Out Land: Evidence from Ethiopia. In Holden, S. T., Otsuka, K. and Place, F. (Eds.). The Emergence of Land Markets in Africa: Impacts on Poverty and Efficiency. Resources For the Future Press, Washington D.C. Link


Kassie, M. and Holden, S. T. (2007). Sharecropping Efficiency in Ethiopia: Threats of Eviction and Kinship. Agricultural Economics 37:179-185. Abstract

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